Abstract

Adolescents are known as a stage of physical development when the female genitals reach maturity. Menstrual pain (Dismenorrhoea) has begun to be discussed a lot and now it is known that menstrual pain is a real medical condition that is suffered by women. According to data from various countries, the incidence of dysmenorrhea in the world is quite high. It is estimated that about 50% of all women in the world suffer from dysmenorrhea. This study aims to determine the relationship between knowledge and attitudes of young women about dysmenorrhoea. The research design used was descriptive analytic with cross sectional approach. The sample of this research, namely female students of Madrasah Aliyah Project, UNIVA Medan, as many as 73 respondents were sampled using stratified random sampling. This research was conducted in January 2020. The statistical test used was chi square. The results of the analysis showed that 32 (42.4%) of the information sources about dysmenorrhea came from the media. Based on the knowledge category of female adolescents, it shows that the majority of girls have sufficient knowledge about dysmenorrhoea, namely 42 (57.5%). Based on the attitude category of female adolescents, it shows that the majority of girls have positive attitudes about dysmenorrhoea, as many as 56 (76.7%). The results of the analysis showed a relationship between knowledge and attitudes of young girls about dysmenorrhoea with a p value of 0.001. From the results of this study, it can be seen that the level of knowledge is still limited about dysmenorrhoea, so that the provision of information in the form of counseling and provision of books needs to be done in schools.