Abstract

Hypertension in pregnancy (pre-eclampsia or eclampsia) is one of the risks that pregnant women should be aware of. The most serious complication of hypertension in pregnancy is death. There are several causes of maternal death such as bleeding (27.1%), hypertension in pregnancy (preeclampsia or eclampsia) (14%), infection (10.7%), abortion (7.9%), embolism, and other direct causes. (12.8%). This research is an analytical study with a cross sectional research design. The data collection method used secondary data, namely taking medical records from Dolok Sanggul Hospital, the risk factors for the incidence of preeclampsia based on age and parity. The data analysis used was that there was a significant relationship between the age factor and the incidence of pre-eclampsia with a p value = 0.000. There was no significant relationship between the parity factor and the incidence of pre-eclampsia with a p value = 0.745 (P> 0.05). It is expected to always maintain the pregnancy by regularly checking the pregnancy at a health service or according to standards (≥4 times) to detect and prevent preeclampsia, so that if preeclampsia occurs during pregnancy it can be handled quickly and appropriately by health personnel.